The Principalty of Andorra is a State of right Member of the UN recorded under number 184, located between France (Ariège and the Pyrenees Orientales departments) and Spain (Catalonia).
With a population of approximately
75.000 inhabitants, living on a territory of 468 km².
The Capital is Andorra Vella.
Four rivers sprinkle the country: the Northern Valira river, the Eastern Valira river, the Madriu river and after their junction in Escaldes-Engordany, the Gran Valira river.
Andorra was founded, according to the legend, by Charlemagne in the year 784 and became a feudal possession of the Bishops of Urgell and Counts of Foix, whose successors are, nowadays, the Bishop of Urgell and the President of the French Republic.
Andorra is controlled by the General Council chaired by two Syndics. It is made of 28 General Advisers elected officials for four years by the vote for all, which represent the seven parishes (various geographical and administrative demarcations): Canillo, Encamp, Ordino, la Massana, Andorra Vella, Sant Julià de Lòria and Escaldes-Engordany.
The General Council elects a Chief of Government which in his turn names its Ministers, and presents his political program at the General Council.
The official language is the Catalan, but French and Spanish are also generally spoken.
The principal resources are: tourism, trade, tobacco and the breeding of cattle.